Breakfast and weight loss
The approaching spring and summer are about to make weight loss a hot topic again. Eating a healthy yet filling breakfast is most often a must, regardless of weight loss regimens.
Results of a systematic review and meta-analysis study investigating the effect of regular breakfast intake on weight or energy intake in people living in high income countries were recently published in The British Medical Journal.
PubMed, Ovid Medline, and CINAHL were searched for randomized controlled trials published between January 1990 and January 2018. ClinicalTrials.gov and the World Health Organization’s International Clinical Trials Registry Platform were also searched in October 2018 to identify any registered yet unpublished or ongoing trials.
The trials in adults comparing breakfast consumption with no breakfast consumption included a measure of body weight or energy intake. Of 13 included trials, seven examined the effect of eating breakfast on weight change, and 10 examined the effect on energy intake.
Meta-analysis of the results found a small difference in weight favoring participants who skipped breakfast (mean difference 0.44 kg) but there was some inconsistency across trials. Participants assigned to breakfast had a higher total daily energy intake than those assigned to skip breakfast (mean difference 259.79 kcal/day, range 78.87 to 440.71), despite substantial inconsistency across trial results.
All of the included trials were at high or unclear risk of bias and had only short-term follow ups (mean period seven weeks for weight, two weeks for energy intake).
This study suggests that the addition of breakfast might not be a good strategy for weight loss, regardless of established breakfast habit. As the quality of the included studies was mostly low, the findings should be interpreted with caution. Further randomized controlled trials of high quality are needed to examine the role of breakfast eating when recommending breakfast for weight loss in adults as it could have the opposite effect.
- Sievert K, Hussain SM, Page MJ et al. https://www.bmj.com/content/364/bmj.l42. Accessed on: April 4, 2019.
Maša Bulajić; MD, MSc Econ, PhD / Medical Affairs Manager
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Full company name
Short company name
Marti Farm Ltd. Trade and Services
Marti Farm Ltd.
Lašćinska cesta 40, HR-10000 Zagreb
Planinska ulica 13/2, HR-10000 Zagreb
a limited liability company
Commercial Court of Zagreb
HRK 20,000.00 (paid in its entirety)
Martina Diminić Smetiško, director of the
company (Representing the company
individually and independently, Responsible
person for data protection)
HR3623600001102197724 (Zagrebačka banka)
HR4324020061100628669 (Erste banka)
Full company name: Marti Farm Ltd. Trade and Services
Short company name: Marti Farm Ltd.
Headquarters: Lašćinska cesta 40, HR-10000 Zagreb
Office: Planinska ulica 13/2, HR-10000 Zagreb
Legal form: a limited liability company
Court register: Commercial Court of Zagreb
Registration number: 080751121
Share capital: HRK 20,000.00 (paid in its entirety)
Authorized representative: Martina Diminić Smetiško, director of the company (Representing the company individually and independently, Responsible person for data protection)
Bank account: HR3623600001102197724 (Zagrebačka banka), HR4324020061100628669 (Erste banka)